Woman leaning against wall because of recurring dizziness.

The cause of Meniere’s is not really understood. But the effects are difficult to underestimate. Some prevalent symptoms of this disorder are dizziness, vertigo, ringing in the ears, and hearing loss. Experts aren’t really certain why, but for some reason, fluid can build up in the ears and this appears to be the root cause of Meniere’s disease.

So here’s the question: if something doesn’t have a discernible cause, how can it be addressed? The answer is, well, complex.

What exactly is Meniere’s disease?

Meniere’s disease is a chronic disorder that affects the inner ear. For many individuals, Meniere’s disease is progressive, meaning symptoms will get worse over time. Those symptoms may include:

Unpredictable spells of vertigo: Regrettably, there’s no way to tell when these attacks of vertigo may occur or how long they will last.

Tinnitus: It’s relatively common for people with Meniere’s disease to experience ringing in the ears or tinnitus, which can range from mild to severe.

Fullness in the ear: This symptom is medically known as aural fullness, the sensation of pressure in your ear.

Hearing loss: Eventually, Meniere’s disease can result in a loss of hearing.

If you experience these symptoms, it’s necessary to receive an accurate diagnosis. For many individuals with Meniere’s, symptoms are intermittent. But eventually, symptoms may become more consistent and obvious.

Treatment for Menier’s disease

Meniere’s disease is a progressive and persistent condition for which there is no known cure. But there are some ways to manage the symptoms.

The following are a few of those treatments:

  • Medications: Anti-nausea and anti-dizziness medications can be prescribed by your doctor in some situations. If those particular symptoms manifest, this can be helpful. For instance, medications made to help with motion sickness may help you feel less dizzy when an episode of vertigo takes place.
  • Surgery: In some cases, Meniere’s disease can be treated with surgery. However, these surgical procedures will typically only affect the vertigo part of symptoms. It won’t impact the other symptoms.
  • Rehabilitation: When Meniere’s disease is acting up, You can apply certain physical therapies that can help with balance. If you’re constantly dizzy or experiencing vertigo, this strategy may be warranted.
  • Positive pressure therapy: There’s a non-invasive technique employed when Meniere’s is especially hard to manage. It’s known as positive pressure therapy. In order to limit fluid buildup, the inner ear is exposed to positive pressure. Peer review has not, so far, verified the long-term advantages of this approach but it does seem promising.
  • Diuretic: A diuretic is another medication alternative that might be prescribed by your physician. The concept is that reducing the retention of fluids could help minimize pressure on your inner ear. This is a long-term medication that you’d use rather than one to minimize severe symptoms.
  • Steroid shots: Some symptoms of Meniere’s, particularly vertigo, can be temporarily relieved with injections of specific steroids.
  • Hearing aid: As Meniere’s disease progresses and your hearing loss gets worse, you might want to get a hearing aid. Normally, a hearing aid won’t necessarily slow the progress of your hearing loss. But it can help keep you socially engaged which can improve your mental health. Hearing aids can also help you deal with the symptoms of tinnitus in a number of ways.

The key is getting the treatment that’s right for you

If you suspect you have Meniere’s disease, you should get evaluated. Treatments for Meniere’s can sometimes slow down the advancement of your condition. More frequently, however, they reduce the impact that Meniere’s will have on your day-to-day life.

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The site information is for educational and informational purposes only and does not constitute medical advice. To receive personalized advice or treatment, schedule an appointment.
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